International Connections



W. E. B. Du Bois to Malcolm X: The Untold History of the Movement to Ban the Bomb
By Vincent Intondi

The Civil Rights Movement is often portrayed as purely domestic phenomena unrelated to foreign affairs, but many African Americans combined civil rights with peace, and thus broadened the Black freedom movement and helped define it in terms of global human rights.



Who Killed Sammy Younge? SNCC, Vietnam, and the Fight for Racial Justice 
By SNCC, 1966

Sammy Younge Jr’s murder prompted the release of SNCC’s powerful statement of protest against the Vietnam War. SNCC saw Younge’s murder as a clear example of the government’s supposed fight for freedom abroad at the same time it denied that freedom to its Black citizens at home.



Nicolás Guillén: The Struggle against Two Racisms
By Carmen Gómez García

In this essay, excerpted from a chapter on the history of Cuban social poetry, Gómez García introduces the reader to Guillén’s poetry about racism in the United States. This is an ideal text for classes on poetry, Spanish, 20th-century U.S. history, and Latin American history.


Teaching Activity

Massacre at Tlatelolco, Mexico
By Octavio Madigan Ruiz, Amy Sanders, and Meredith Sommers

A lesson on the Mexican student movement and the October 1968 massacre of hundreds of students.


Teaching Activity

Movers and Movements: Fighting for Social Justice in South Africa
By Brenda Randolph


Teaching Activity

A Revolution of Values
By Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Teaching ideas for using King's speech "Beyond Vietnam," his first major speech on the war in Vietnam given April 4, 1967.

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Primary document

Vietnam Comic Book
By Julian Bond

A history of the Vietnam War and examples of African American opposition to the war, presented in an easy to read format.


Recommended books, films, and more for further learning about international connections.