Desegregation


QUIZ

Critiquing the Traditional Narrative


Timeline

People's History Timeline: Selected stories  


READING

The View from the Trenches
By Charles Payne

A critique of the master narrative of the Civil Rights Movement.


READING

Uprooting Racism
By James and Grace Lee Boggs

A short history of racism in the United States.


READING

What Happened to the Civil Rights Movement After 1965? Don’t Ask Your Textbook
By Adam Sanchez

Too often, students are taught that the Civil Rights Movement ended in 1965 with passage of the Voting Rights Act. It didn’t. Adam Sanchez argues that it is essential to teach the long, grassroots history of the Civil Rights Movement in order to help students think about today’s movements for racial justice.


READING

What Julian Bond Taught Me (The Nation)
By Jeanne Theoharris

Freedom movements don’t just happen, they are made—and not by charismatic leaders, but by everyday people possessing great courage.


READING

The Politics of Children’s Literature: What’s Wrong with the Rosa Parks Myth
By Herbert Kohl

A critical analysis that challenges the myths in children’s books about Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.


Reading

Advanced Ideas about Democracy
By Vincent Harding


Reading

Teaching Eyes on the Prize, Teaching Democracy
By Judy Richardson


Reading

Mississippi Burning Film: Critical Review
By Judy Richardson


Reading

The Limits of Master Narratives in History Textbooks: An Analysis of Representations of MLK
By Derrick Alridge

A study of how U.S. history textbooks present prescribed, oversimplified, and uncontroversial narratives of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. that obscure important elements in King’s life and thought.


Reading

Reinventing My Teaching About the Civil Rights Movement

By Alana D. Murray

Teaching about patterns of displacement and wealth inequality through the history of Chávez Ravine and the building of Dodger Stadium.


Reading

Uncovering the Movement: Staff Development
By Alana D. Murray


Reading

Nationalism over Democracy: A Critical Analysis of U.S. History Textbooks
By James Loewen


Reading

Guns and the Southern Freedom Struggle: What’s Missing When We Teach About Nonviolence
By Charles Cobb Jr.


Reading

Nonviolence v. Jim Crow
By Bayard Rustin


Lesson

Hidden in Plain Sight: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Radical Vision

Lesson to introduce students to the speeches and work of Dr. King beyond “I have a dream.”


Lesson

From Snarling Dogs to Bloody Sunday: Teaching Past the Platitudes of the Civil Rights Movement
By Katie Lyman


Lesson

Big Shoes to Fill: Lesson and sample shoe stories

A community building activity for teachers or students to write about "in whose shoes I walk for justice" or some way they have walked for justice in their shoes.


Lesson

Freedom Camp: A Teach-in on the MLK Jr. Holiday
By Katie Kissinger


Lesson

Women Make History

A meet and greet lesson with women from various social justice struggles.


Lesson

Related Struggles Meet and Greet


Lesson

Freedom's Children: An Oral History Unit on the Civil Rights Movement


Lesson

Teaching About Race and the Media
By Julian Hipkins


Lesson

Art and Freedom Songs


Lesson

Introduction to the Southern Freedom Movement, a lesson based on the work of Medgar Evers


Lesson

Simulation of a Non-Violence Training Workshop
By Dean Spencer


Primary Document

The Borning Struggle
By Bernice Johnson Reagon


Resources

Recommended books, films, and more for further learning about critiquing the traditional narrative.